A study of hemophilia

The online format of the CRFs ensured that numeric responses were kept within reasonable boundaries, and that infeasible responses such as the ability to provide two mutually exclusive responses, for instance were kept to a minimum.

hemophilia research paper

This approach requires that the active form be used to facilitate hemostasis and continuous expression of the active form carries a risk of thrombosis. Minus Related Pages People with hemophilia can experience complications, such as joint disease and inhibitors, that can affect overall health.

As many as one third of people with hemophilia develop an antibody—called an inhibitor—to the blood products that they use to stop or prevent a bleeding episode. Second, there is less influence of environmental factors in mouse studies.

Haemophilia course

A more detailed characterization of the immune response to hFVIII in the hemophilia A mice that were infused intermittently and followed over a long period of time similar to hemophilia A patients revealed similarities between human and murine responses. Mutagenesis of specific epitopes in the A2 or C2 domains may reduce the immunogenicity while maintaining function. In controlled studies a blunt trauma is delivered to one knee using a spring loaded device which causes joint swelling due to bleeding and inflammation. The secondary objectives of this study are Third, murine specific reagents are readily available and studies can be designed to manipulate the immune system to investigate the mechanisms involved in the immune response. Through UDC, a consistent set of health-monitoring data was collected from people with hemophilia and other bleeding disorders. The development of gene therapy for hemophilia A has been challenging and lagged behind gene therapy approaches for hemophilia B already in clinical trials. Healthy Weight Programs Maintaining a healthy weight is particularly important for people with hemophilia.

After tail transection, affected hemophilia A mice have excessive bleeding and die within several hours, while carrier females and wild type mice survive the procedure. The proper activity and circulating kinetics of the secreted FIX are dependent upon several post-translational modifications PTMsthe most critical of which is the carboxylation of the 12 glutamic acid residues in the N-terminal portion of the mature protein the FIX Gla domain in a vitamin K-dependent process; the majority of the remaining PTMs are to the FIX activation peptide.

This approach relies on co-transduction of the same cells with both vectors to produce functional FVIII.

Hemophilia research 2018

Furthermore, the mouse model may not mimic the weight bearing impact on the joints in humans. Similar to the hemophilia A sheep model, spontaneous joint bleeds have been observed in the rats which has been difficult to clinically diagnose in the mouse and dog models. Subjects will be recruited over 1 year for the 5-day protocol. These vectors have reduced immunogenicity, however, intravenous delivery of these vectors still elicits an innate immune response that results in acute toxicity and development of anti-FVIII immune response that precludes long-term expression from these vectors. B cell epitope mapping The study of B cell responses to FVIII in humans is difficult since the lymphoid tissues are not accessible and humans are genetically heterogenous which influences the immune response. The secondary objectives of this study are However, the continuous expression of FVIIa has a therapeutic window that raises concerns for the safety of this approach. This approach has several advantages in that 1 it circumvents issues related to the viral vector such as immune responses 2 remains episomal thus avoiding insertional mutagenesis 3 ease and low cost of production and 4 ability to deliver large genes such as the FVIII gene. The major disadvantage of this vector is the limited packaging capacity of approximately 5. This response was species independent since similar findings whether a mouse, human or canine transgene was delivered. CDC collaborates with public and private organizations to conduct research to better understand hemophilia. This approach requires that the active form be used to facilitate hemostasis and continuous expression of the active form carries a risk of thrombosis. Data was collected by means of two questionnaires, designed specifically for specialists and patients: the web-based case record forms CRFs were used to collect information on direct medical resource utilisation and clinical data based on recorded notes; and the paper patient self-completion form PSC , given to patients following the consultation, provided complimentary socio-economic information. Phase Determinants and Consequences of the Transition to Adulthood Among Adolescents With Haemophilia The primary objective of this study is to assess the effect of psychosocial and organisational factors on the quality of the transition into adulthood among young persons with severe haemophilia, measured by the adherence to their clinical follow-up and to their prophylactic treatment. The hemophilia A mouse model provides the opportunity to identify epitopes within FVIII and determine their functional significance.
Rated 8/10 based on 14 review
Download
Why We Do Research on Hemophilia