Importance of the french revolution

French revolution notes

The National Convention, which reigned from September, , to October, , was the government of the Reign of Terror. From about , this trend slackened, and economic crises, provoking alarm and even revolt, became frequent. The revolution came to an end when a general named Napoleon overthrew the revolutionary government and established the French Consulate with Napoleon as leader. The following month, amid a wave of violence in which Parisian insurrectionists massacred hundreds of accused counterrevolutionaries, the Legislative Assembly was replaced by the National Convention, which proclaimed the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the French republic. Perhaps most importantly, how much authority would the king, his public image further weakened after a failed attempt to flee the country in June , retain? The basic causes of the French Revolution were rooted in the rigidities of French society in the 18th century. The peasants , many of whom owned land, had attained an improved standard of living and education and wanted to get rid of the last vestiges of feudalism so as to acquire the full rights of landowners and to be free to increase their holdings. It began on July 14, when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. Although the revolution ended with the rise of Napoleon, the ideas and reforms did not die. The discovery of new gold mines in Brazil had led to a general rise in prices throughout the West from about , indicating a prosperous economic situation. However, it did provide an intellectual and social environment in which these ideologies, and their spokesmen, could flourish. It was necessary to vote new taxes. Charles X — The last French monarch from the House of Bourbon 2 Change in Land Ownership in France Manorialism was an integral part of feudalism by which peasants were rendered dependent on their land and on their lord. Government was inefficient and unrepresentative. The new government also faced a foreign threat.

Economic problems made the heavy tax exempt but nearly so, while the peasants and middle classes were subjected to greater and greater burdens. The discovery of new gold mines in Brazil had led to a general rise in prices throughout the West from aboutindicating a prosperous economic situation.

impact of french revolution on europe

A popular insurgency culminated on July 14 when rioters stormed the Bastille fortress in an attempt to secure gunpowder and weapons; many consider this event, now commemorated in France as a national holiday, as the start of the French Revolution. The republicans challenged those who favored the monarchy.

Bad crops and famine conditions contributed to the unrest.

Effects of the french revolution

Then needs of an increasing population were not being met. Facts Matter. It disbanded to make way for the newly elected Legislative Assembly. The peasants , many of whom owned land, had attained an improved standard of living and education and wanted to get rid of the last vestiges of feudalism so as to acquire the full rights of landowners and to be free to increase their holdings. They supported the French Revolution in the wake of the execution of the king. Perhaps most importantly, how much authority would the king, his public image further weakened after a failed attempt to flee the country in June , retain? He now accepted a revised constitution, in September, , and the assembly dissolved. The new government also faced a foreign threat. See Article History Alternative Title: Revolution of French Revolution, also called Revolution of , the revolutionary movement that shook France between and and reached its first climax there in From this dominant position, the French Catholic Church was almost destroyed during the Revolution.

Due to this, struggle for national liberation became one of the most important themes of 19th and 20th-century European and world politics. On August 4, the assembly, led by certain enlightened nobles, abolished feudal rights and privileges with compensation to owners.

french revolution leaders

They also unleashed the bloody Reign of Terror la Terreura month period in which suspected enemies of the revolution were guillotined by the thousands.

The tide turned in another direction, and a stronger executive power in the form of the Directory was set up.

the french revolution summary

Its priests and nuns were turned out, its leaders executed or exiled, its property controlled by the state and tithes was abolished. The National Convention, which reigned from September,to October,was the government of the Reign of Terror.

He had a Jacobin background and was well-grounded in revolutionary principles, but put Sweden in the coalition that opposed Napoleon.

Consequences of french revolution in points

They changed names over time to the Legislative Assembly and, later, to the National Convention. Revolutionary Government The French Government was in constant turmoil throughout the revolution. The Revolution thus destroyed the power of oligarchies and elites that opposed economic change. Genet now began mobilizing American voters using French money, for which he was expelled by President Washington. Its reign was disrupted by the French Revolution. Tithes was one tenth of annual produce or earnings taken as a tax for the support of the church. It disbanded to make way for the newly elected Legislative Assembly. In , the first "Democratic societies" were formed. On July 14 a Paris mob stormed and demolished the Bastille, and old fortress housing political prisoners. Start Your Free Trial Today Although scholarly debate continues about the exact causes of the Revolution, the following reasons are commonly adduced: 1 the bourgeoisie resented its exclusion from political power and positions of honour; 2 the peasants were acutely aware of their situation and were less and less willing to support the anachronistic and burdensome feudal system; 3 the philosophes had been read more widely in France than anywhere else; 4 French participation in the American Revolution had driven the government to the brink of bankruptcy ; 5 France was the most populous country in Europe, and crop failures in much of the country in , coming on top of a long period of economic difficulties, compounded existing restlessness; and 6 the French monarchy , no longer seen as divinely ordained , was unable to adapt to the political and societal pressures that were being exerted on it.
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French Revolution