KENNINGS: Old English poetry is characterised by a number of poetic tropes which enables a writer to describe things indirectly and which require a reader imaginatively to construct their meaning.
A critical climate developed slowly. Digitisation projects by libraries and universities continue to make these manuscripts increasingly accessible: from the screens of our tablets and computers, we can read the work of medieval authors, as well as the various ways their texts were remade over time by scribes.
On their way, famously, the travellers take it in turn to tell stories, many of which Chaucer adapted from existing literary sources. Many works of Jonathan Swift were criticized including his book Gulliver's Travels, which one critic described as "the detestable story of the Yahoos".
Is this the greatest English poem of the medieval era? This love gave rise to the variety of lyric poetry that prevailed for centuries. The Norman North Men Conquest was an event that marked the change of world though slowly. The common people continued to use their respective vernaculars.
The English came to learn that form and style were important considerations in literary appreciation.
It was composed in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries by unknown Welsh monkswho wrote down earlier oral tales about love, war, and heroism.